Rivers in South Africa


In map below, South Africa looks as though it has a lot of water, but South Africa is considered a water scarce country. Most of South Africa’s water is concentrated on the East Coast due to the influence of the warm Mozambique current in the Indian Ocean.

Wet, wet, wet?

South Africa is still considered a water scarce country. Can you give reasons why?

When answering consider the rainy season and the amount of surface run-off after the rains.

Orange Lesotho, RSA, Namibia Drakensberg Mountains Caledon, Vaal, Fish Gariep Dam, Augrabies falls Alexander Bay in the Indian Ocean
Vaal Free State Near Ermelo, Mpumalanga Vet, Vals, Harts Vaal Dam, Vredefort Crater Near Douglas in Northern Cape
Berg North of Cape Town (W. Cape) In Drakenstein Mountains near Franschhoek 230km Canoe marathon North of Saldanha Bay (Atlantic Ocean)
Breede W. Cape Near Ceres Hex, Riviersonderend Witsand on the Cape south coast
Olifants Mpumalanga, Limpopo and Gaza in Mozambique Bethal
Letaba, Steelpoort Kruger National Park (KNP) Gaza province
Olifants W. Cape Winterhoek Mountains near Ceres Doring Clanwilliam and Bulshoek Dams Papendorp north of Cape Towm into Atlantic Ocean
Sundays E. Cape Compassberg Mountains Very fast flowing
Fossil remains of dinosaurs
Algoa Bay in Indian Ocean
Pongola KZN Tributary of Maputo River Bivane, Mozana Joins up with Maputo River Maputo River mouth in Maputo province in Mozambique
Crocodile Mpumalanga Near Dullstroom in Steenkampsberg Limpopo Joins up with Komati River Komati River mouth at Komatipoort
Gourits W. Cape Gamka and Olifants Rivers come together Gouritz River bridge near Albertina Gouritz estuary near Gouritzmond