Summary Of Water-related Diseases

A summary of water-related diseases

You do not have to learn all the diseases and symptoms by heart, but concentrate on the Prevention. 




Prevention is better than cure


Itchy rash, headaches, abdominal pain, diarrhoea, fever, bladder infections, liver infection and swollen veins

Do not defecate or urinate in water, drink only treated water


Fever, headache, diarrhoea,, nausea, joint+muscle pains, sweating and fatigue

Try to prevent being bitten, apply repellent, sleep with a net over the body, get rid of stagnant water


Diarrhoea, vomiting,

Wash hands after using toilet, do not use human faeces as fertilizer

Typhoid fever

Headache, fever, abdominal pain, constipation, bronchitis

Don’t drink untreated water, proper personal hygiene and sanitation is key, wash and peel fruit and vegetables before eating


Fever, stomach cramps, vomiting, watery diarrhoea

Never drink untreated water, always use clean drinking water containers

Water related diseases may be in one or more of four categories:

1) Waterborne=transmitted through drinking water (cholera, typhoid)
2) Water-washed=transmission will be interrupted through proper sanitation, washing and hygiene (gastroenteritis)
3) Water based=transmitted by contact with water, like recreational swimming (bilharzia)
4) Water Vector=transmitted by a vector (carrier) of disease(malaria)


Did you know? After a Cholera outbreak in Kwazulu-Natal in 2001, the South African government declared FREE BASIC WATER as a National Policy.

How can I disinfect water if I am not sure that it is clean?

  • Boiling water (cool off before use)
  • Add bleach (one teaspoon of bleach to 20 litre of water, allow to stand for 2 hours or overnight before use)